5 Card Draw Poker – How to Play
5 Card Draw Poker is one of a group of so-called community card games. Although origins can be traced back to the middle ages it first spread like wild-fire across the wild west. It is the predecessor to Texas Holdem poker.
It spread from Europe as people emigrated west. The game was very popular for workers in the gold-fields during the dark evenings. Many roughnecks became skilful at playing the game which was a sign manliness. The gold workers prided themselves on their poker playing skills.
In the start the deck of cards of cards limited the number of players. There were only 20 cards, the full 52 card deck was not introduced until the 1820’s. The game became more exciting when the flush and the straight were introduced, about the same time.
Mississippi was the hub for poker playing, it was played for recreation on the river boats and all over New Orleans. During the Civil War it became very popular amongst both the Confederate and Union troops.
This poker game lost popularity during the twentieth century when it became superseded by 7 card stud poker. It regained popularity when the Poker Rooms started spreading across the US. Five card stud poker also became popular.
The Object of the Game
It is a simple game. The object is to make the best 5-card poker hand possible after one draw, and bet accordingly. The player with the best hand after the second betting round takes the pot.
Players compete for the pot to which all players contribute by way of betting. If playing in a casino the pot will be held in casino chips. The cards are dealt randomly and each player attempts to make the best hand to win the pot. It is not always the best hand which wins. The pot is awarded at the conclusion of each hand. The game is played hand by hand and players can join or leave the game between hands.
The pot can be divided in the case of equal scores but usually it is awarded outright. When a players folds their cards any claim on the pot is forfeited.
5 Card Draw Poker is a psychological game. Players make decisions based on their prediction on events. The decisions are bet, raise, call or fold and it can be a game of bluff. Players can enhance their position by being deceitful because the primary cards dealt can be kept secret.
The object is to make the best five-card hand.
The Basic Rules
In each game play moves clockwise around the table commencing to the left of the dealer position.
The ante is the original way of playing the game and is most commonly used. Each player must pay a predetermined ante before being dealt any cards.
In the later version the game functions with blinds game, similar to Texas Holdem. In a blinds game, only the two players to the left of the dealer must pay money before the cards are dealt.
The player to the dealer’s immediate left pays the small blind, while the player to the left of the small blind pays the big blind.
Although the blind amounts can be set to any amount you like, the small blind is typically half of the big blind, the big blind being approximately 1/100th of your total buy-in.
As soon as all the players have anted, or the blinds have all been paid dealing commences. The dealer deals each player with five cards face down from his left.
After the players receive their 5 cards the first betting round is commenced.
If playing blinds the betting will start with the player to the left of the dealer, the same as Texas Holdem. If playing the original version with antes the betting still starts with the player to the left of the dealer.
In an ante game the first player is allowed to check. This means they do not need to bet and they can remain in the game for free.
The Draw Round
When the betting round is completed the draw round begins. The player closest to the dealer’s left begins assuming the player hasn’t already folded. They have the option of changing any amount of cards they choose.
A player can “stand pat”, this means they keep all five cards. They can also throw away any amount from 1-5 cards, replacing them with an equal number of cards from the top of the deck.
In some 5 Card Draw Poker games, the rules only allow an exchange of up to tree cards. This rule is often used in-house games because it benefits weaker players.
When all players have received their new cards the second betting round begins. Each player must evaluate a new hand. After the second betting round has been completed the showdown begins.
The player with the best hand wins the pot.
At the end of the game the pot is presented, the dealer collects all the cards and the deal passes to the person on the left of the dealer.
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